Verbs - Английский язык с Марией Батхан.

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Verbs: Future Continuous / Future Perfect / Future Perfect Continuous

In four years' time, I'll be studying English.

By 2030, I'll have finished studying English.


When you see these examples, do you understand how Future Continuous and Future Perfect are used? If you don’t, let’s figure it out.

Verbs: Simple and Continuous Aspects

Do you know that the English language can describe states not only by means of lexis, but also with the help of grammar? Different aspects of the verb are a way to show how an action extends or stretches over a period of time. To avoid misunderstanding while talking to your foreign friend, you should look closer at Simple and Continuous Aspects, which can be easily confused.

Verbs: Perfect Aspect

When you want to talk about results following a past, present, or future action, you need to use the perfect aspect.

Verbs: Perfect Continuous Aspect

The present perfect tense, the past perfect tense, the present perfect continuous tense, the past perfect continuous tense and etc.

Verbs: Stative and Dynamic Verbs

There are certain verbs that we rarely use in continuous tenses. They usually describe the state of being, feelings, emotions, and mental processes.

Verbs: Special Ways of Expressing The Future

There are lots of ways to express the future meaning in English. Everything depends on the message you want to convey. So, let’s look at the following examples.

Verbs: The Future Seen From The Past

The Future in the Past is used to talk about something that was the future at some moment in the past (usually in reported speech).

Verbs: Passive Voice

In English, we use the passive voice when we don’t know, or we don’t want to talk about who or what performs the action that we are describing in our sentence.

Verbs: Other Uses Of The Passive Voice

The main reason why the passive voice is used is that the speaker wants to focus on the action or the experience rather than on who or what is performing the action. In this case, the subject and object of the sentence or question are swapped (the object becomes the subject and the subject becomes the object or it is omitted).

Verbs: The Causative (Have sth done / Have sb do sth / Get sb to do sth / Let / Make sb do sth)

The verbs to have, to get, to let and to make can be used as causative verbs. Subjects in causative verbs don’t perform the action by themselves but someone else does it for them.

Verbs: Reporting Patterns

When we want to tell someone what another person said, we often use the verbs to say, to tell, to ask, to reply, to answer, to shout, to add and to remark. These are called reporting verbs. They are usually followed by that. However, we can omit that after most reporting verbs, but we usually don’t omit it after the reporting verbs to reply, to answer and to respond.

Verbs: Reporting Changes

Reporting implies that some changes are to be made to the original statement. These changes include modifications to pronouns, time adverbials and verb tenses. All of them are referred to as backshift.

Verb Patterns

Verb Patterns: use an -ing form, use a to-infinitive and use a bare infinitive.

Verbs and Prepositions

Different verbs are followed by different prepositions. Most of them have to be memorized.