Nouns: Nominalization - Английский язык с Марией Батхан.

Nouns: Nominalization

Nouns: Nominalization

Nominalization is ​​the process of forming a noun or noun phrase from an adjective or a verb. It is especially common in formal styles of writing.


They’ve decided to stop the production of nuclear weapons. A decision was made to stop the production of nuclear weapons.


I couldn’t understand why he was suddenly so friendly with me. His extreme friendliness towards me kept me puzzled.


Nominalization is used for a number of reasons:


1) to avoid mentioning the agent of the action:


Scientists have been developing new chemicals for a few years now.New chemicals have been under development for a few years now.


2) to express two clauses more concisely as one clause:


Three factories have been constructed on the outskirts of the city. This was heavily criticized by environmentalists. The construction of three factories on the outskirts of the city was heavily criticized by environmentalists.


3) to give the sentence a different focus


The provision of financial support to the vulnerable population is one of the government's priorities. Financial support to the vulnerable population is currently being provided, and this is one of the government’s priorities.


A few things to keep in mind:


●      an adverb which modifies the verb changes to an adjective in the nominalised form:


Dozens of companies were influenced as private capital flows were suddenly halted A sudden halt of private capital flows influenced dozens of companies. .


●      sense verbs must be followed by an adjective:


The taste of this cake is awful. The cake tastes awful.


●      active verbs must be accompanied by an adverb:


She was in a hurry while crossing the street. → She hurriedly crossed the street.


●      “to be” vs “to become”. The verb “to be” is used when we’re talking about an on-going state.


They were on the verge of divorce.

I’m becoming more and more worried about her mental health.


●      adjectives can’t be used as objects (they must either modify something or be preceded by a linking verb):


●      transitive verbs can’t be used without objects: to lack, to prefer, to bring, to exert, etc.


●      remember that not all words can collocate:



●      some verbs don’t require the use of prepositions. If they do, these prepositions may change when you nominalize the phrase: